Devo – 2 Peter 1:1-11

2 Peter 1:1-11 – Our Response and Assurance of our Faith in Jesus

  1. Intro

    1. PRAY!

    2. Intro about Parenting, chapter on our Identity, Tripp’s reference to 2 Peter 1:3-4, in that finding our identity in our vertical relationship with God, and that He gives us all we need. As opposed to finding our identity in the horizontal and being caught up in the perishable things of this world.

    3. Read 2 Peter 1:1-11

    4. Book intro:

      1. The epistle 2 Peter was written by the Apostle Peter around 67-68 AD, though some think as early as 65 AD. Possibly while he was held in prison in Rome and close to his death (1:14).

      2. Peter is writing to Christians and first addresses of our calling, election, and gaining knowledge of Christ and living our lives for Christ. Then addresses false teachings (again possibly Gnosticism similar to 1 John as Andy pointed out in his devotion) and then the Day our Lord.

      3. It is thought to be written to the same audience as 1 Peter, though the recipients are not directly addressed in the letter, there is mention of a previous letter in 3:1.

      4. Interestingly the authorship of 2 Peter is contested by some, thought that it was written by another that was using Peter’s name to lend authority to the letter. One of the reasons for this is that the style of Greek is different between the letters. A possible reason for this difference could be that Peter had help from Silvanus/Silas with the first letter as mentioned 1 Peter 5:12.

      5. Though there are skeptics, Peter identifies himself clearly at the beginning of the letter in 1:1, and later in 1:16,17 he speaks of being an eye witness to Jesus’ transfiguration which Peter, James and John had witness. (Mat. 17)

  2. [2Pe 1:1 NKJV] Simon Peter, a bondservant and apostle of Jesus Christ, To those who have obtained like precious faith with us by the righteousness of our God and Savior Jesus Christ:

    1. Simon Peter, a bondservant an apostle of Jesus Christ, …

      1. Peter addresses himself by his given Jewish name, and then by the name that Christ gave him.

      2. Then first refers to himself as a bondservant, as slave, “doulos”

        1. We also see Paul and James starting their letters this way.

          1. Though James does not refer to himself as an apostle.

        2. By calling himself a slave of Jesus Christ Peter is saying that he is a servant to and devoted to Christ above all. That his will is not his own but he is to do the will of Christ.

        3. Culturally the lowest slaves were property, that they were not to do anything out of their masters will. Even to the point of breaking the law, the command of their master was garnered more weight then the law of the land. (MacArthur, p. 19)

      3. Peter also says an apostle of Jesus Christ, which states his authority to write this letter.

    2. “… To those who have obtained like precious faith with us by the righteousness of our God and Savior Jesus Christ:”

      1. The NASB says “… a faith of the same kind as ours, …”

      2. The HCSB says “… a faith of equal privilege with ours …”

      3. That is, that we have the same faith, the same saving faith by Christ’s righteousness that Peter has.

        1. That his faith as apostle does not make him more righteous then the readers, but they are the same in that both Peter and the readers have been washed clean by the blood of Christ and have His righteousness imputed or attributed to them, to us.

      4. Here Peter is also affirming the deity of Jesus, that Jesus is God.

        1. “The grammar leaves little doubt that in these words Peter is calling Jesus Christ both God and Savior.” (Blum) (Guzik’s Study Guide)

        2. The Greek construction places just one article before the phrase God and Savior, which makes both terms refer to the same person. Thus Peter identifies Jesus not just as Savior, but as God, the author and agent of salvation.” (MacArthur, p. 23)

  3. [2Pe 1:2-4 NKJV] 2 Grace and peace be multiplied to you in the knowledge of God and of Jesus our Lord, 3 as His divine power has given to us all things that [pertain] to life and godliness, through the knowledge of Him who called us by glory and virtue, 4 by which have been given to us exceedingly great and precious promises, that through these you may be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption [that is] in the world through lust.

    1. 2 Grace and peace be multiplied to you in the knowledge of God and of Jesus our Lord,

      1. The Greek word for knowledge in verse two is epignōsis (G1922). That is a knowledge deeper than gnōsis (G1108) which is used later in the chapter.

      2. Dr. J. Vernon McGee referred to it as a “super knowledge.”

      3. From Thayer’s a precise and correct knowledge, of things ethical and divine.

      4. God is divine, and Jesus is glorified. By Peter using epignōsis wants us to grow in our knowledge of God, not just academically but spiritually grow closer to God.

    2. 3 as His divine power has given to us all things that [pertain] to life and godliness, through the knowledge of Him who called us by glory and virtue,

      1. God hasn’t left us to our own devices, to pull ourselves up by our own boot straps. He has given us all things needed to live a life worth of Him.

      2. To quote Paul Tripp: “Because God loves you, He hasn’t left you to your own wisdom, strength, and resources.”

        1. We can rely on God for all things, we can not live this life to please Him without Him. We need God’s strength, God’s grace, God’s forgiveness, God’s peace, God’s wisdom and discernment in our choices every moment of our day.

        2. [Phl 4:19 NKJV] 19 And my God shall supply all your need according to His riches in glory by Christ Jesus.

        3. Thank God that through Jesus Christ we share in His righteousness and He gives these things to us freely and abundantly.

      3. Godliness here is not just in reference to living a good, clean pious life in and of itself. But it is a respect, a reverence towards God. That our lives should reflect that reverence to God and His glory.

      4. Again we find that knowledge is translated from epignōsis (G1922), that we are to have that true, life changing knowledge of God’s divine glory.

        1. According to Blum, the ancient Greek word knowledge doesn’t refer to a casual acquaintance. It means an exact, complete, and thorough knowledge.” (Guzik Study Guide)

    3. 4 by which have been given to us exceedingly great and precious promises, that through these you may be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption [that is] in the world through lust.

      1. As believers in Christ We have the promise of salvation, that God is faithful and just and will forgive our sins.

      2. That as born again believers we have been crucified with Christ, that as believers we receive the Holy Spirit.

      3. That through salvation, the cleansing of our sins through Christ’s shed blood we can share in God’s divine nature, not becoming a god ourselves but being a new creation and able to rely on God’s faithfulness to us to escape the sin and corruption of this world

  4. [2Pe 1:5-9 NKJV] 5 But also for this very reason, giving all diligence, add to your faith virtue, to virtue knowledge, 6 to knowledge self-control, to self-control perseverance, to perseverance godliness, 7 to godliness brotherly kindness, and to brotherly kindness love. 8 For if these things are yours and abound, [you] will be neither barren nor unfruitful in the knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ. 9 For he who lacks these things is shortsighted, even to blindness, and has forgotten that he was cleansed from his old sins.

    1. Here we have a ladder or stepped listing of attributes that a believer should have evident in their life, similar to the fruit of the Spirit in Galatians.

      1. Peter says we have these available to us and that they should abound in us.

      2. We should diligently seek God to foster these in us, so we may bare fruit and grow in knowledge of God (epignōsis (G1922))

    2. 5 But also for this very reason, giving all diligence, add to your faith virtue, to virtue knowledge,

      1. The foundation is faith. That we are to start with faith in our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.

        1. Faith isn’t just something that we can make up on our own. Even faith is a gift from God.

        2. [Eph 2:8-9 KJV] 8 For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: [it is] the gift of God: 9 Not of works, lest any man should boast.

        3. Our faith comes from God, He gives it to us first. One can not brag about their faith, that they themselves has such great faith in God. Because they would be boasting about themselves and not the work that God did in them, not the faith that He gave them.

        4. We are so dependent on God, we need Him to give us faith so we may even have a relationship with Him.

      2. add to your faith virtue, …”

        1. After we have become a new creation in Christ, after our conversion through faith in Christ we are to be virtuous.

          1. We are to live a life that is excellent in morals, body and mind for God. Through His strength and for His Glory.

      3. “… to virtue knowledge…”

        1. Here Peter switches things on us and uses gnōsis (G1108), this is a more general knowledge or understanding.

      4. “… 6 to knowledge self-control, …”

        1. From knowledge we add self-control. The KJV uses temperance.

        2. This self-control isn’t a passive act that is just abstaining from things that are wrong or harmful.

        3. It is an active self-control that just as athletes trained beating their bodies into submission. As Paul says in 1 Corinthians:

        4. [1Co 9:27 NKJV] 27 But I discipline my body and bring [it] into subjection, lest, when I have preached to others, I myself should become disqualified.

      5. “… to self-control perseverance, …”

        1. Not only self-control but perseverance, steadfastness, endurance

        2. This perseverance is cheerful or hopeful

        3. Christ serves an example of this for Christians in Hebrews 12:1-2, that he endured the cross because the joy set before him.

        4. We have the joy of our salvation while we are here on earth. We are to cheerfully endure the trials here, looking forward to when we will be with God in heaven.

      6. “… to perseverance godliness, …”

        1. Godliness here is the same Greek word eusebeia (G2150) that is used in verse 3

        2. MacArthur says “It could be translated ‘true religion,’ or ‘true worship’ and conveys the idea that one who has it properly honors and adores God.”

        3. Godliness here isn’t being like God, it is instead a Christian living a life in reverence to God, a life of ‘true worship’ of God that is pleasing to Him.

      7. “… 7 to godliness brotherly kindness, …”

        1. Brotherly kindness, philadelphia (G5360), we are to love our fellow believers, to be kind to one another, to even have affection for the family, the body of Christ.

      8. “… and to brotherly kindness love. …”

        1. We end with love, the KJV says charity, it is the Greek word is agapē (G26).

        2. Just as I spoke in my last devotion in 1 John, we as Christians are to love God and one another.

        3. Peter brings us here as well, where the top rung, or step of attributes that should be evident in a maturing Christian’s life should be love.

        4. [Mat 22:36-40 NKJV] 36 “Teacher, which [is] the great commandment in the law?” 37 Jesus said to him, “‘You shall love the LORD your God with all your heart, with all your soul, and with all your mind.’ 38 “This is [the] first and great commandment. 39 “And [the] second [is] like it: ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ 40 “On these two commandments hang all the Law and the Prophets.”

    3. 8 For if these things are yours and abound, [you] will be neither barren nor unfruitful in the knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ.

      1. Just as God gives us all we need, these attributes, these fruit, are ours through Jesus Christ.

      2. Not only are they ares, not only should they be evident but they should be obvious, abounding, over flowing in us. So much so that people should see the love of Christ in us.

      3. [Jhn 13:34-35 NKJV] 34 “A new commandment I give to you, that you love one another; as I have loved you, that you also love one another. 35 “By this all will know that you are My disciples, if you have love for one another.”

      4. Peter goes on to say that as these attributes abound in us, we will be neither barren or unfruitful, that we will instead be fruitful and grow in the knowledge (again epignōsis (G1922)) in our Lord Jesus Christ.

    4. 9 For he who lacks these things is shortsighted, even to blindness, and has forgotten that he was cleansed from his old sins.

      1. Christians who lack these things are short-sighted, they live as though they do not have a clear view of the joy we will have in heaven.

      2. They store their treasures here, locally where they will perish on earth instead of looking towards eternity, storing their treasures in heaven.

      3. [Mat 6:20 NKJV] “but lay up for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust destroys and where thieves do not break in and steal.

      4. Their lives do not reflect the cleansing work of Christ.

      5. May we never be this way, may the world see Christ’s redeeming work in our lives, may we not be viewed as no different then the world. That when the world speaks of us, may they say there is something different about our lives. That Christ’s love would be reflected by us, being ambassadors of Christ to the world.

  5. [2Pe 1:10-11 NKJV] 10 Therefore, brethren, be even more diligent to make your call and election sure, for if you do these things you will never stumble; 11 for so an entrance will be supplied to you abundantly into the everlasting kingdom of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.

    1. 10 Therefore, brethren, be even more diligent to make your call and election sure, for if you do these things you will never stumble;

      1. That by having these things; faith, virtue, knowledge, self-control, perseverance, godliness, brotherly kindness, and love. Shows Christ’s redeeming work, us being washed by his blood, will be evident in our life.

      2. In that our reliance on Him, for these works, for our salvation, that He is faithful to complete a good work in us.

      3. So let us lay aside things that which entangle, Heb 12:1, and live a life with full reliance on God, giving full glory to God.

    2. 11 for so an entrance will be supplied to you abundantly into the everlasting kingdom of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.

  6. Closing

    1. We have such great assurance in Christ. That His work on the cross, the shedding of His blood, His resurrection, conquering death and sin. That through faith in Him we are blameless, our forgiveness, our salvation is assured.

    2. That even the faith we have is a gift from God. That we are so dependent on Him that we need to rely on God to believe. May we cry out to God as in Mark 9:24 – Lord I believe; help my unbelief.

    3. Not only faith but God gives us all things which we need to live a life worthy of Him. That, these things listed are not of us but of God and that through our reliance on Him we can live them out to be a light to the world.

    4. Not because it will earn our salvation, because as Christians that is secured in Christ, but because God is worthy of it. He is more then worthy that we should live a life of godliness. A life fully in devotion, reverence and worship of God.

    5. May we do this to honor God, that we may finish this race well, have an abundant entrance into Heaven and be told well done good and faithful servant. Not for our honor or recognition but for God’s kingdom and His glory. PRAY!

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